A look into the past to combine it with the contemporary and make it keeping up with times. Like fashion, interior design follows cyclic inspirations as well, and trends that marked history can return in our houses, if carefully matched. Everyday stylists and designers look back to the past to be inspired by past interior design trends. They immerse themselves over the years among elements that can be reinterpreted to give interiors a new look. Yesterday and today art objects coexist in our homes, in working interiors and they are considered unique pieces of rare beauty that nowadays can be enjoyed from our sofa, thanks to online purchase. But let’s see together the evolution of interior design trends over the years, and let’s discover what to bring with us from the past. Art Nouveau or Art Déco? Ideas and inspirations for our homes come from the first decades of the last century Nowadays the early twentieth century affects us with atypical and elaborated elements. The positive look towards progress and future of Art Decò, which has its peak with the famous “International exposition of Decorative Art and Modern Industries” in 1925 in Paris, can be found in clean lines, geometries and symmetries and futuristic materials. If you place only one of these elements in a room, it will become a statement piece and you don’t have to put in there any other element.. Modern, industrial, natural and contemporary… Find the wallpaper design that best reflects your style! It is only when the environment represents you that conveys comfortable atmospheres and true emotions. Alexandre Prévot [CC BY-SA]PAMPY-LEHENA [CC BY-SA] Art Nouveau or Liberty is in contrast with modernity because, with its ornamental and dynamic shapes and the refined stylization of nature, conveys a romantic and dreamy style. Contrasting art movements affect contemporary decor companies that produce new reinterpretations. The Bauhaus school revolutionised interior design The Bauhaus art school operated in Germany for only 14 years, but it left its footprints in interior design and not only. The Bauhaus was born in 1919 with the architect Walter Gropius and his idea of artisan as someone who seeks for aesthetic form through practical functionality, exploiting what industrialization was bringing in terms of techniques and materials. airbus777 from Washington, DC, USA [CC BY] This idea of architecture has come to the present days with the study of minimalism and industrial areas, made with modern materials. Photo by Jean Philippe DelbergheLorkan [CC BY] Gropius found out how to enrich a room through its simplicity. An example of present days is the freestanding bookcase, that in its last versions gives taste and practicality to interiors… exactly like Gropius wanted. From garage sales… A Fifties home You can easily find 1950s style objects in vintage shops of our cities. The development that followed the world conflict, has brought in our houses a modern and positive style, colorful and funny! Photography by Tanya SemenchukPhotography by Ada HawkinsPhotography by You-x-Ventures You just need to choose a colorful and well padded sofa to give to living room the role of landlord, reminding people of famous scenes of American series with the whole family gathered around television. Wallpapers become very popular during the fifties and today as well is a trend back in fashion but with more sophisticated technologies and professional materials. Interior design deals also with kitchen decoration, where optical elements with the classic geometric black and white tiles on walls and flooring cannot be missing. “Less is more”… How does it sound to you? Towards the Sixties and the Minimalism In the Sixties of last century a new art movement was born… The choice of escaping from the excesses of a consumer society to go back to the essence is the focus point of this philosophical change that quickly affects the various creative disciplines: fashion, art, design and architecture. The superfluous is a distant memory and shapes are reduced to minimal. From here, the famous German architect and designer of Modern Movement Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, spells out his motto “Less is more”. Photography by Josh Hemsley Decorations as well become functional and elegant and simple materials are readapted: wood, polished concrete and natural stones. Today we find them in self-adhesive coverings, refined films easily applicable on walls and furniture… Back to Nature with the Seventies: interior design communicates with the outside It is probably the most similar decade to the present one: because of the increasing attention to nature and environment, and a look characterised by patterns and ethnic styles with geometric and floral elements. Pxfuel – Creative Commons Zero – CC0 Well-being in an interior is pursued through cozy carpets and patterns that remind of nature and plants, also coming from far countries. It is not difficult recalling that style with warm shades like mustard or brown for decor and wallpapers whose main theme is nature. Wallpaper is the star of these years, often characterised by improbable hues and patterns full of elements. Photography by Lisa MoyneurPixels – Creative Commons Zero – CC0Ethnic style: Rio Reflections wallpaper designed by the artist Lauren Wan It hasn’t been only the hippies age and the new age philosophy, but also an era of contrasts: between strong and prevailing consumerism and return to nature with the new environmentalist spirit, thanks also to professionals that started designing homes in harmony with the environment through new technologies. The ideas of the open space and bright homes come from here: they become inclusive and open to be lived in a simple way, through the use of natural materials such as teak, pine, glass and copper. These kind of elements are now very popular in bedrooms together with plants and flowers, which bring many benefits. Eighties Postmodernism style… Free rein to the creativity! We had just said “Less is more, right?”. But now the rules change and the Eighties have a new motto “Less is a bore — more is more!”. Alessandro Mendini for Atelier Mendini e Studio Alchimia, Proust Armchair, 1978 – Sailko [CC BY]Ettore Sottsass for Memphis srl., Carlton bookcase, 1981 Sailko [CC BY] Creatives feel free to experiment, the only rule they follow is the one to dare… Better if with strong colours. Memphis Milano Movement – Zanone [CC BY-SA] Black leather recovers puffs, sofas and pillows, to have living rooms full of ethnic African objects and oriental carpets. In addition, other postmodernism movements were born in this period, like Memphis Milano that carries out daring projects characterised by geometric shapes and vivid colours. The Eighties interior design style is whimsical and imaginative, eclectic, a mix between past and present. Going back to childhood… The Nineties and their “electricity” in the whole house illennials generation, born between 1981 and 1996, feel finally at home. How to relive the passion of the Nineties? You should choose shocking colours for your interiors, like pink or electric blue, neon purple and fluo yellow! Photography by Jean-Philippe DelberghePhotography by Felix Dubois Robert Also wallpapers are back: the simplest way to give character and bold colours to the walls… Together with bright walls, natural and recyclable materials like wicker and rattan come back too. Interior design trends in 2000s: let’s restart from Green The awareness on climate changes, on the environment’s fragility that we exploited over the past century, is more and more shown and design as well follows these new trends. The Green spirit becomes stylish and designers are committed to creating innovative solutions to satisfy these needs. In order to reduce the impact on ecosystem, designers start thinking sustainably to promote the use of recycled or recyclable materials. Photography by Jason LeungPhotography by USM – Modular Furniture It’s just the beginning of this important trend, but, as follows, we find an example: “Bosco verticale” of Milan, the skyscraper projected by Stefano Boeri, winner of the 2014 International Highrise Award for sustainability. Marco Sala [CC BY-SA] This attitude leads to the birth of biophilic design both in architecture and in interior design: the planning of residential and professional environments that reconnect men with nature. 2010s. Now it’s time for tailor-made interior projects: Bespoke What does Bespoke mean? Tailor-made and on request. Interior design projects are now made based on personal needs, and customised not only for homes, but also for professional and commercial spaces. There are no rules to follow, but innovative technologies to be exploited to satisfy aesthetic and functional taste. Our choice to participate at the Milan Design Market 2019 edition during Fuorisalone has shown us how new technologies in decor field allow us to differentiate ourselves from others and move away from standardization. Rustic-industrial style: Soul City wallpaper designed by Martina Banozic We should also talk about style and new personal combinations like the Rustrial trend, that is rustic-industrial, which provides industrial style elements, iron and cold materials, together with rustic wooden elements. What this new decade will bring to interior design? At the moment we are aware of the 2020 trends, but how will styles change? Are we going to be rational or Fifties? More minimalist or fluo? We are ready to find it out!